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Peru: ein Land mit vielen unterschiedlichen
Kulturen, Traditionen, Wetter und
TOURIST CALENDAR IN LIMA
• Week of the Foundation of Lima
(18th of January)
Civic and cultural activities to celebrate the over
four hundred yearn old City of Lima. Art exhibitions, guided
tours, street parades, serenades and fireworks will take place.
• Carnivals (February)
Water games involving small pieces of confetti (Pica-pica)
during all February weekends, allegoric car parades in Miraflores,
and meetings at different barrios neighbourhoods and provincial
clubs to celebrate the Corta monte (An old and much controversial
celebration in which a tree is chopped down amidst gallons
of beer and many typical dishes).
• Lunahuaná's Grape, Wine
and Canoeing Festival (February)
Lunahuaná, south of Lima (Cañete), is
the main wine producer in the Department and an ideal place
for the practice of adventure sports. Canoeing, paragliding,
trekking, free flying, mountain biking, and reel and fishnet
fishing championships, take place during the Festival.
•Fiesta of the Grape Harvest and
Wine Making (March)
Programme of Grape Harvest and Wine Making celebrations
in the traditional District of Surco, with a beauty pageant
and visits to the wine cellars.
• Easter (March-April)
Festivity of variable date on which the faithful visit
the main colonial churches in the centre of Lima in order
to reaffirm their religious faith.
• Peruvian Pace Horses National Competition
An occasion to appreciate the spirited specimens and
the characteristic pace of the Peruvian horses at Mamacona
Peruvian Pace Horse Festival
Place: Pachacamac (Lima)
Date: April the 15th - 20th
The Spanish horse crossed with the Arabian, and bred in a
desert geography that outlined its gait and its format, gave
place to the Peruvian Pace Horse. For 300 years the blood
of this new breed begun to positively filter, until developing
the characteristics that have turned it into one of the most
beautiful and elegant specimens of the world. On the other
hand, breeders, riders (chalanes) and artisans, have known
how to sift the art of ambling - synchronised movements of
the hind and forelegs in a parallel manner - throughout the
years. This gait in its turn originated the peculiar steps
and the jauntiness of the marinera dance.
The gear - comprised by the mantle, the saddle and the linings
- and the garments of the chalan (rider) - plain white pants
and shirt, straw hat, a poncho made of vicuna fibre, scarf,
boots and spurs - are part of this attractive whole.
This tradition, which has been exported to several parts of
the world, is driven through different contests taking place
in the coastal cities and in the Peruvian Sierra as well,
being the Peruvian Pace Horses National Contest the most important
one; it is realised annually at the exhibition field of Mamacona,
in the historic locality of Pachacamac, located at about 30
kilometres south of Lima.
• Fiesta of the Crosses
Place : Lima, Apurímac, Ayacucho, Junín,
Ica and Cusco
Date: May the 3rd
For this celebration, wide spread in the Sierra region, the
members of each community organise to adorn their respective
cross and to prepare it for its procession bound to the neighbouring
The celebration is intimately linked to the gratitude for
the good harvests that the peasants offer their deities since
As a stage to the festivity, the folkloric shows in which
the scissor dancers participate are frequent. In ancient times
the danzaq or scissor dancers realise their bold steps even
on top of the church belfries.
Nowadays, danzaqs compete executing unbelievable deeds of
• Saint Peter and Saint Paul
Place: Chorrillos and Lurín (Lima), San José
Date: June the 29th
Along with the cleaning of the communities' canals, a true
water festivity unravels at the localities of the Sierra.
Meanwhile at the coast, Saint Peter has been picked as the
fishermen's patron and he is worshiped at the ports and coves
of Chorrillos and Lurín in Lima, and the one of San
José, located 13 kilometres north of Chiclayo. Here
the ceremony takes place at the mouth of the Lambayeque River
where, according to legend, the founding god Naylamp, set
foot. The saint is conducted amid incense, chants and prayers,
up to the seashore to embark him through a journey to bless
the waters for a good fishing year.
• Independence Day (28th and 29th
There is an impressive civic-military parade at Campo
de Marte the 29th of July to celebrate Independence Day (which
is actually the 28th), and a Te-Deum in the Cathedral with
the attendance of all national authorities. Allegoric cars
and fireworks in Miraflores.
• Week of Cañete (4th week
Cañete is one of the largest settings for Afro-Peruvian
culture, whose art is appreciated during these dates.
• Santa Rosa of Lima
Place: City of Lima and Santa Rosa de Quives (Lima), Ocopa (Junín)
Date: August the 30th
Santa Rosa of Lima is the name with which a woman from Lima
was eternised in the XVII Century. A great religious vocation
led Isabel Flores de Oliva to consecrate as a tertiary (bachelor
consecrated with no particular order), and to develop a pious
life at the service of the ill. The fame of her penitence to
resist sin, as well as that of her kindness, was being expanded
even during her lifetime. Her veneration was spread not only
in Peru but to the Philippines and other parts of the continent,
thus she was proclaimed Patron of the Americas and the Philippines.
Her sanctuary, located in the centre of Lima, is subject to
a permanent pilgrimage by devotees who go seeking to deserve
a miracle, especially regarding the health of the ill. During
the 30th of August, it is customary to drop good will letters
into the pit where Saint Rose tossed the key of her belt of
penance, as well as to visit the hermitage she built by herself.
Santa Rosa is the Patron Saint of the Peruvian's National Police
and her festivity is celebrated all over the country, with an
special Quechua emphasis at the locality of Santa Rosa de Quives,
in the Sierra region of the Department of Lima.
• Fiesta of the Water (1st Sunday of
Communal tasks for cleaning the water canals are a means
to greatly celebrate the Pachamama (Mother Earth) in San Pedro
de Casta (Canta).
• Virgin of the Rosary
Place: Lima, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa and Cusco
Date: October the 4th
The Virgin of the Rosary is the Patron of the Order of the Dominicans,
who were in charge of the guild of the slaves during the Colonial
period; that is why many times her image is accompanied by an
icon with the letter "S" pinned with a nail (symbol
of the black slaves).
Her cult, which dates back to 1536, is celebrated all across
Peru. At Cajatambo, in the Sierra region of Lima, there is a
farm and livestock fair taking place the first Sunday of October,
along with bullfights, Marinera (typical dance) contests, and
a procession that has The Devils as their main supernumeraries.
In the districts of Urcos, Province of Quispicanchis, as well
as in Combate and Checaupe, Province of Canchis, both in the
Department of Cusco, she is celebrated with processions, bullfights
and substantial Pachamancas, which are meals cooked "inside
the earth", in shallow pits covered with hot stones.
But the most important centre for the celebrations of the Virgin
of the Rosary is the Department of Ancash. The festivity is
realised in the presence of the Pallas, maidens dressed with
garments of loose sleeves and high crowns of flowers on their
heads, and the famous Negritos (black people), dancers wearing
black wool masks and who enliven the commemoration.
A symbolic clash between Moors, locals dressed with Andean suits,
and Christians, dressed with Spanish colonial customs, takes
place during this festivity. The struggle ends when the Moor
kings repent and plea for their conversion to Christianity,
after being defeated and taken prisoners. The procession to
return the Virgin to her temple begins at dusk and it is accompanied
by bands of musicians.
•Month of the Lord of the Miracles
(Señor de los Milagros) October the 18th , 27th and 28th
The processions take place during the month of October, in which
all Lima is dressed in purple for the most spectacular and attended
to religious festivity, where the habits, pastries and scapulars
of the Christ of Pachacamilla inundate the city. This procession
congregates the largest number of devotees of South America,
who pay homage to the Purple Christ with chants and praises
whilst the image makes its way through the city.
The history of this procession goes back to the Colonial period,
when a slave brought from Angola painted the image of a black
Christ on the walls of a humble precinct of the hacienda of
Pachacamilla, close to Lima. The image remained on the wall
in spite of the various attempts to erase it, circumstances
which awakened its devotion.
All neighbouring constructions were levelled during the 1746
earthquake save the wall bearing the black Christ. Due to this
event, the popular faith was consolidated, a faith that has
ever expanded until currently becoming the most revered in the
City of Lima. The core of the celebration is one of the largest
processions of America in which dozens of thousands of followers
dressed with purple habits chant and pray whilst going with
the image. The platform, weighing two tons and carried on the
shoulders of the faithful, starts its almost 24 hour long traditional
outing from the Temple of Las Nazarenas, goes across the centre
of Lima until it reaches the Church of La Merced, in Barrios
Altos. There are plenty of dishes and typical sweets, such as
the renowned Turrón de Doña Pepa, offered during
• Bullfighting season (October / November)
At the Plaza de Acho (Lima's bullring), the famous homonymous
bullfighting season, summoning the most prestigious bullfighters
of America and Spain, is also realised in October in commemoration
of the Lord of the Miracles. This traditional fiesta is a delight
to many people in Lima since Viceroyalty times, and a source
of controversy as well.